Welcome to Clean India expo
Over 377 million urban people live in 7,935 towns and cities and generate 62 million tonnes of municipal solid waste per annum. Only 43 million tonnes (MT) of the waste is collected, 11.9 MT is treated and 31 MT is dumped in landfill sites. The expo supports Swachh Bharat Mission, a nation-wide campaign aiming to move towards Zero waste and to clean up the streets, roads and infrastructure of India’s cities, towns, and rural areas.
Swachh Bharat Mission
Objective: To make India clean and free of open defecation by 2019. A Swachhata Action Plan (SAP) was formally launched in 2017 with the active participation of 72 ministries and departments. The strategy is to provide flexibility to State governments to decide on their implementation policy, use of funds and mechanisms, taking into account State-specific requirements.
Scope: Develop 500 cities and towns with a population of in excess of 100,000.
- Construct 1 crore toilets by 2019 and improve solid waste management.
- Special focus on setting up and managing community sanitary complexes, and scale-up solid and liquid waste management in rural areas.
- Achieve 100% door-to-door collection and management of municipal solid waste.
- Annual Swachhata Action Plans to be drawn for Union ministries/departments.
- 5.5 million household toilets constructed
- 0.46 million community & public toilets constructed
- 3,558 open defecation free cities
- 76,085 wards achieved 100% door to door waste collection
- 88.4 MW WTE production
- 1.5 million metric tonne waste to compost production
- During the financial year 2017-18, 77 ministries/departments committed funds worth $1.8 billion for their SAPs.
- SAP funds utilisation for the FY 2017-18 was approx. $1.75 billion.
- For the FY 2018-19, around $2.37 billion has been allocated as SAP fund.
Swachh Iconic Places (SIP)
- The Ministry of Drinking Water & Sanitation, in partnership with the Ministries of Urban Development, Tourism and Culture, has taken an initiative to focus on cleaning up 100 cities across India that are “iconic” due to their heritage, religious and/or cultural significance. This would be done in phases.
- Focus would be on projects to improve sewage infrastructure, drainage facilities, installation of sewage treatment plants (STP), improved sanitation facilities, water vending machines, solid & liquid waste management (SLWM), structure restoration, road maintenance, lighting arrangements, beautification of parks, better transport facilities, etc.
- During phase-I, projects were identified in 10 cities and successfully implemented. These projects were: Ajmer Sharif dargah, Ajmer, Rajasthan; CST, Mumbai, Maharashtra; Golden temple, Amritsar, Punjab; Kamakhya temple, Guwahati, Assam; Maikarnika ghat, Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh; Meenakshi temple, Madurai, Tamil Nadu; Shri Mata Vaishno Devi, Katra, J&K; Shree Jagannath temple, Puri, Odisha; The Taj Mahal, Agra, Uttar Pradesh; and, Tirumala Tirupati Devasthanams, Tirupati, Andhra Pradesh.
- During phase-II, another set of projects were taken up in 10 cities. These are: Gangotri, Uttarakhand; Yamunotri, Uttarakhand; Mahakaleshwar temple, Ujjain, Madhya Pradesh; Char Minar, Hyderabad, Telangana, Church and Convent of St. Francis of Assissi, Goa; Adi Shankaracharya’s abode Kaladi, Ernakulam, Kerala; Gomateshwar, Shravanbelgola, Karnataka; Baijnath dham, Deoghar, Jharkhand; Gaya tirth, Bihar; and, Somnath temple, Gujarat.
- In 2018, phase-III was announced and included: RaghavendraSwamy temple, Kurnool, Andhra Pradesh; Hazardwari palace, Murshidabad, West Bengal; Brahma Sarovar temple Kurukshetra, Haryana; VidurKuti, Bijnor, Uttar Pradesh; Mana village, Chamoli, Uttarakhand; Pangong lake, Leh-Ladakh, J&K; Nagvasuki temple, Allahabad, Uttar Pradesh; ImaKeithal/market, Imphal, Manipur; Sabarimala temple, Kerala; and Kanvashram, Uttarakhand.
National Mission for Clean Ganga (NMCG)
- Under the Namami Gange programme, a total of 254 projects worth $3.55 billion were sanctioned in FY2018-19 for various activities such as sewage infrastructure, ghats & crematoria development, river front development, river surface cleaning, institutional development, biodiversity conservation, afforestation, rural sanitation, and public participation.
- Out of 254 projects, 131 were sanctioned for creation of 3,076 MLD new sewage treatment plants (STPs), rehabilitation of 887 MLD of existing STPs, and laying/rehabilitation of 4,942 km sewer network for abatement of pollution in Ganga and Yamuna.
- In the past one year, works on 6 STP projects (50 MLD in Varanasi, 82 MLD in Haridwar, 30 MLD at Mathura, 50 MLD at Kanpur, Unnao & Shuklaganj, 35 MLD at Farrukhabad and 72 MLD at Allahabad-Jhushi, Naini & Phaphamau) have been started under Hybrid Annuity PPP mode (HAM).
- Other projects sanctioned under HAM are Mirzapur, Gazipur and Moradabad in Uttar Pradesh; Digha, Kankarbagh and Bhagalpur in Bihar; Kolkata, Howrah, Bally, Kamarhati and Baranagar in West Bengal.
- For river-front development, works at 145 ghats and 53 crematoria are in progress. For river surface cleaning, 11 trash skimmers have been deployed at Haridwar, Garh Mukhteshwar, Kanpur, Varanasi, Allahabad, Patna, Sahibganj, Nabadwip, Howrah, Delhi and Mathura-Vrindavan.
- On rural sanitation, all 4,465 villages on the bank of river Ganga have been made ‘Open Defecation Free’ (ODF) and over 10 million individual household toilets have been constructed by the Ministry of Drinking Water & Sanitation (MoDWS).
- During the Financial Year 2018-19 (till 30.11.2018), the National Mission for Clean Ganga released $220 million to the States and Central Public Sector Undertakings for the implementation of the programme, including expenditure incurred for establishment.
Industrial Pollution Management
- 961 grossly polluting industries (GPI) have been identified on the main stem of the Ganga after a reinventorisation exercise carried out by CPCB in 2017-18. As on November 2018, out of 961 GPIs, 795 units have connected to online continuous effluent monitoring system (OCEMS) to the CPCB server.
- Out of 961 GPIs inspected, 474 were found to be complying, 209 were non-compliant, 256 were temporarily closed, and 22 were found to be permanently closed. Action has been taken against 209 non-complying units wherein 199 units have been issued show cause notice and 10 units have been issued closure directions.
- Zero Liquid discharge achieved in 32 molasses-based distilleries due to adoption of advanced process technology.
- A charter was prepared for the sugar industry and issued for the upgradation of the manufacturing process technology, ETP system and best practises and waste minimisation practises.
- In the pulp and paper industries, disposal of black liquor from agro-based industries has been prohibited, with permission to operate with chemical recovery plants to achieve zero black liquor discharge. Estimated reduction in fresh water consumption and effluent generation is about 45-50 per cent as compared to the pollution level estimated in 2012, in spite of expansion in production capacity and number of units in pulp and paper sector.